One of the oldest political subdivisions in Virginia, Henrico was the scene of the second settlement in the colony and was established in 1634 as one of the eight original shires or counties. The county was named for Henry, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of King James I of England. Our History section is divided into 4 parts. Historical: history highlights. Landmarks: physical historical references throughout the county. Government: contain topics related to the formation of the counties governmental structure. and Publication: books for those who desire a deeper look into Henrico’s pass.