Case Management/Support Coordination coordinates the delivery of services for persons with intellectual disability. This includes a comprehensive assessment of individual needs in the areas of housing, vocational training/employment, physical health, income/finance, psychological/psychiatric treatment and others. This assessment includes the compilation of developmental, educational, vocational, social and psychological evaluations as well as information from the person's family and other service providers.
Once the individual's needs have been identified, a service plan is prepared which includes the strategies most appropriate for meeting the needs of the person. The Case Manager/Support Coordinator then assists the individual and family by linking or connecting them with the identified, available service provider(s) or resources.
Once the plan has been implemented, the Case Manager/Support Coordinator monitors the plan on a regular basis to assure that the services address individual health and safety needs, are effective and that the individual is satisfied with the providers and the services available. The Case Manager/Support Coordinator also determines when additional assessments and planning are needed. The service plan is updated on a regular basis to reflect changing needs.
Without case management, planning for the needs of individuals with intellectual disability, accessing resources and monitoring progress must be performed by the family in isolation without professional assistance.
Individuals with intellectual disability are productive contributing members of their communities. Many individuals with intellectual disability receive a wide range of services that support them in the community.
Individuals who have a diagnosis of intellectual disability have impaired intellectual ability. The degree of impairment is usually referred to as mild, moderate, severe, or profound. The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities defines intellectual disability as significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior originating before the age of 18. IQ tests measure intellectual functioning and a variety of standardized tests are used to measure adaptive behavior such as conceptual, social and practical skills.
Individuals who have this diagnosis may also have other disabilities in addition to intellectual disability which may impact their functioning level.
Henrico Area Mental Health & Developmental Services targets day services, individual supported employment and residential services to individuals with intellectual disability who are age 18 and above. The Intellectual Disability Case Management/Support Coordination Unit serves all ages and is a long term service.
Respite is a support service that is available to families who have a family member with intellectual disability. Limited funding is available to enable income eligible families to purchase respite care from a variety of providers.
Limited funds are available for individuals to help with expenses such as behavior consultation, summer school, special equipment, clothing and emergencies.